Creme21 Wiki

Creme 21 skincare products give your skin what it needs; nothing more and nothing less.
Check out our skincare encyclopaedia for all the most important information on skincare
as well as a range of ingredients

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Almond Oil

A classic cosmetic oil used since ancient times,
almond oil has a high level of unsaturated fatty acids (oleic acid and linoleic acid) and is produced by cold-pressing almonds.
As a valuable skincare ingredient, almond oil restores the skin’s natural oils while providing essential moisture, smoothing the skin and reducing tension to leave skin silky soft.



Aloe Vera

Dry and sensitive skin in particular benefits from the gel of this versatile succulent. Alongside its moisturising, smoothing and skin-firming properties, the gel soothes and cools the skin, reducing pain. All of this means that aloe vera is used as a nourishing ingredient in many skincare products.



Anti-Irritation Formula

This is a special skin-soothing formula with restructuring cotton seed oil, soothing panthenol and rich shea butter. This special combination calms stressed skin, restoring its natural elasticity.



Aqua CacteenTM

Aqua Cacteen (prickly pear extract) is the new generation of aloe vera (see aloe vera). Rich in minerals such as calcium, magnesium and sodium as well as vitamins, it moisturises, protects and soothes irritated skin, strengthening the skin’s natural immune and barrier function.



Bisabolol

As a natural component of chamomile or synthetically produced, bisabolol is anti-inflammatory, regenerating and soothing to the skin. It is primarily used in caring for sensitive or damaged skin.



Body Lotion

Body lotions are liquid emulsions.
There are two types of lotions: rich, replenishing lotions based on water-in-oil recipes or lightweight, moisturising lotions created based on oil-in-water recipes (like Creme 21 body lotion). Valuable ingredients are often added to increase the nourishing impact of body lotions.



Cashmere Extract

Cashmere extract is a blend of keratin proteins from natural cashmere wool. Its composition is very similar to that of human hair and skin. Keratin plays a key role in the robustness and resistance of skin and hair.



Complexion

The complexion says a lot about the condition of the skin. A fresh, healthy complexion is primarily due to good skin circulation. ?The colour of the skin is dictated by the proportion of pigment, melanin, in the skin. The level and production of pigments is determined by genetics, and varies from person to person.



Cotton Seed Oil

Nutrient-rich cotton seed oil encourages cell generation, revitalising skin.



Cream

Creams are emulsions (water-in-oil or oil-in-water emulsions) made up of oil-based and water-based components. Further components include various oils and fats as well as emulsifiers that ensure the thorough mixing of different amounts of base components with additives and ingredients with varying compositions.



Day Cream

Most day creams are oil-in-water emulsions.
Day creams moisturise, revitalise and care for skin, offering protection from environmental influences such as air pollution, wind and UV rays.?? High-quality creams often contain special ingredients (combinations of vitamins, minerals, trace elements, aromatic oils) that have special nourishing properties.

Beta carotene (provitamin) absorbed from food is turned into Vitamin A – also called retinol – in the human body.



Emulsifiers

By their very nature, water and oil cannot mix. Emulsifiers ensure that the interfacial tension between the water and oil phase is reduced, allowing the long-term dispersion of oil components and water. This mixing process creates emulsions (or dispersions).



Emulsions

Creme 21 cream, body milk and body lotion are all oil-in-water emulsions. An emulsion is formed when two substances that don’t mix – or that only mix to an extent – are dispersed with one another with the help of an emulsifier. A liquid (the outer phase) surrounds fine particles of a second liquid (the inner phase).
The skincare effects vary depending on the type of emulsion.

There is a difference between oil-in-water emulsions (O/W) and water-in-oil emulsions (W/O). In oil-in-water emulsions, water is in the outer phase. These emulsions give off a lot of moisture without oil. Water-in-oil emulsions work the other way around. Here, the oil is in the outer phase, so the skin can be supplied with sufficient oil and moisture.



Ginger Extract

Ginger extract has a stimulating, vitalising impact on microcirculation in the skin.



Ginkgo Biloba Extract

Leaf extracts of the gingko (maidenhair) tree contain secondary plant substances, such as flavonoids, tannins, plant acids and anthocyanins. They are known as very good radical quenchers. Free radicals play a major role in skin ageing.
Gingko biloba is thought to stimulate collagen synthesis, especially in the skin. Skin is tighter, more secure and has a radiant freshness.



Glycerine

Glycerine is a trivalent, sweet-tasting alcohol that functions as a humectant in cosmetics. It provides the skin with moisture with its water-attracting properties.



Grapeseed Oil

Grapeseed oil is very valuable, as the yield from pressing the small, hard seeds of the grape is very small. But grapeseed oil has many different effects: it is quickly absorbed by the skin, leaving skin feeling wonderful. The high level of antioxidants protects skin from light-related ageing. The ingredients lecithin and linoleic acid support the functions of the skin barrier.



Honey Extract

Honey is made up of around 200 different ingredients, including vitamins and minerals. Honey extract soothes inflammation, makes skin silky, increasing wellbeing and effectively supporting wound healing. It clears up your complexion and can even be successful in treating burns. Honey encourages good, speedy healing.
Even Cleopatra know about the beauty-inducing powers of honey: she bathed in donkey milk with honey.



Jojoba Oil

Jojoba oil is one of the best-known skincare ingredients in the world. Jojoba oil contains plant-based ingredients, lipids and Vitamin E for silky smooth skin. The classic skincare oil. Jojoba oil regulates the skin’s acid mantle and gives skin the moisture it needs.



Lipids / Lipid Components

Used in skincare, these fat-like, organic and natural ingredients keep skin silky, protecting it from drying out.
Lipids provide moisture and smooth the skin’s structure.



Menthol

Menthol is a component of peppermint oil. It is cooling and refreshing. It has an anti-bacterial impact on skin, relieving itching.



Moisturiser

Moisturisers have the ability to bind water and thereby supply the skin with moisture. At the same time, they prevent cosmetics and skincare products from drying out too quickly.



Panthenol (see pro-Vitamin B5)

D-panthenol is turned into pro-Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) in the skin. It can reach deep layers of the skin to take effect there. D-panthenol is a moisturiser, and increases the skin’s ability to hold moisture. At the same time, it soothes the skin, relieving itching and tackling inflammation.



Papaya Oil Extract

Rich in free amino acids and enzymes; refreshes and revitalises the skin.



Perfume

Perfumes can give skincare products their special unique scents. They should not impair the function of other ingredients and must be dermatologically safe.



Pomegranate Extract

The pomegranate is a type of plant grown in India and other parts of Asia. As well as a very good antioxidative effect, pomegranates contain polyphenols. These are secondary plant substances that render aggressive free radicals in the body harmless, making an important contribution to protection against various skin problems. This ingredient effectively takes care of damaged cells and speeds up cell separation. It contains skin-friendly ingredients and is perfectly suited to dry, mature and stressed skin. It maintains the skin’s elasticity and firmness, strengthening, protecting and revitalising cells.



Pro-Vitamin B5 (see panthenol)

It can reach deep layers of the skin to take effect there. D-panthenol is a moisturiser, and increases the skin’s ability to hold moisture. At the same time, it soothes the skin, relieving itching and tackling inflammation.



Shea Butter

The oil extracted from the seeds of the shea tree is exceptionally valuable. It is rich in unsaturated fatty acids and unsaponifiable components. The result? Shea butter makes stressed skin soft and silky again, restoring its natural hydro-lipid balance.



Silk Protein

Taken from the cocoon of the silkworm, silk protein has very good moisturising and film-forming properties. It cares and protects, leaving skin feeling silky soft.



Skin Types

The right skincare product depends a lot on your skin type. And this is impacted greatly by the skin’s sebum production.
In normal skin, sebum production – and therefore the oil and moisture balance – is harmonious. The skin looks even and feels smooth and silky.
Dry skin produces too little sebum and can no longer bind moisture. It feels raw and flaky, and can
begin to feel unpleasantly tight.
Sebum production is increased in oily skin, leading to blocked pores: blackheads and spots are the result as excess oil gathers on the skin, leaving a shiny film.
One special case is sensitive skin. It reacts to environmental influences and certain ingredients very sensitively, which can cause allergies or irritation.



Skin, function

The skin fulfils a variety of essential functions. For one, it is an organ of sense that reacts to cold, heat and pain. But the skin also reflects emotions – e.g. in the form of blushing or goosebumps – and impacts how we are perceived by others.
The skin is like our natural buffer zone; our body’s protective suit of armour. It protects us from mechanical influences such as pressure or rubbing as well as physical factors such as cold, heat and radiation. So it’s a good job that it can quickly regenerate after minor injuries, and has the ability to regulate the body’s temperature in addition to absorbing UV rays.
The skin stores fat, water and vitamins that the body can turn to in certain situations.
The skin is also responsible for some parts of the metabolism. Vitamin D is produced in the skin, and is essential for the formation of bones.



Skin, structure

The skin is our largest organ. Did you know that the whole area of the skin can be up to 2 square metres?
Our skin is made up of three layers, connected to one another: the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutis.


The epidermis is the external, visible layer that comes into direct contact with the human’s environment. It is made up of the following five layers, from outside to inside:
Stratum corneum
Stratum lucidum
Stratum granulosum
Stratum spinosum
Stratum basale
Constant renewal of basal cells means that the epidermis renews every 28 days.
The epidermis has a major impact on a person’s external appearance, and is the only layer of the skin that can be influenced by cosmetics.

The dermis, or cutis, is the strongest of these three layers: featuring good circulation and full of nerve pathways, this system of connective tissue provides the epidermis with nutrients and oxygen.
Hair roots and sweat glands are located in the bottom of the dermis.

The dermis serves as a kind of storage unit: fat reserves are stored here to insulate the body as well as to serve as energy reserves. The dermis is also home to a dense network of nerves as well as lymphatic and blood vessels alongside hair roots and sweat glands.



Soap

Soap is one of the oldest skincare products in human history. Available in solid or liquid form, it is primarily used to clean the hands.
The tensides and fatty acids in soap reliably rid the skin of all kinds of dirt. These detergent substances impact the skin’s pH, which is pushed over into alkaline by these substances.



Talcum

Talcum is a very soft natural mineral. It is used in powder form in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries, where it is used as a powder base thanks to its ability to absorb fat and moisture.



UV-Strahlen

Unsere Haut ist einer immer höheren Belastung durch UVA- sowie UVB-Strahlung ausgesetzt.

UVB-Strahlung dringt nur in die äußeren Hautschichten ein und verursacht Sonnenbrand. Der Schutz vor UVB-Strahlung wird auf der Verpackung durch den Lichtschutzfilter angegeben.

UVA-Strahlung dringt in tiefere Hautschichten ein, ist unsichtbar, schmerzfrei und kann Langzeitschäden wie vorzeitige Hautalterung, Hautkrebs oder sogar Augenschäden verursachen.

Sonnenschutzmittel müssen daher nicht nur vor Sonnenbrand (UVB), sondern auch vor Langfristschäden durch UVA-Strahlung schützen. Durch einen ausgewogenen UVA-/UVB-Schutz wächst der UVA-Schutz im Verhältnis zum UVB-Schutz mit. Produkte mit einem hohen LSF enthalten somit auch einen hohen Schutz gegen UVA-Strahlung. Diese Eigenschaft bieten alle Creme 21 Sonnenpflegeprodukte.



Vitamin A

Beta carotene (provitamin) absorbed from food is turned into Vitamin A – also called retinol – in the human body.
Vitamin A promotes growth and eyesight. Vitamin A has a positive impact on the skin and mucus membranes.
In cosmetics, it is used as an efficient anti-wrinkle ingredient. It can even tackle deep lines.



Vitamin C

Vitamin C – also called ascorbic acid – is the skin police. As a free radical quencher, Vitamin C prevents premature skin ageing. The main activity of Vitamin C is connective tissue metabolism: it is used to produce collagen, improving the skin’s elasticity.



Vitamin E

Fat-soluble Vitamin E and its derivatives offer effective protection from free radicals, which form in the skin due to UV exposure and other factors, and cause irreparable cell damage.

In cosmetics, Vitamin E leads to the following effects in and on the skin:
1. Improving skin surface relief
2. Increasing moisture retention capability
3. Speeding up the epithelialisation of surface wounds, also soothing skin in cosmetics
4. Increasing enzyme activity in the skin



Vitamin(s)

Vitamins and their precursors (pro-Vitamins) must be taken in through food, as the human body is not able to create these itself. If the body is not supplied with sufficient essential organic substances, deficiencies may follow.

Vitamins A, B and E are of particular importance in cosmetics, as they encourage cell regeneration, protecting the skin from drying out as well as harmful environmental influences and premature skin ageing.